The Bread Bar

By Greg Smith

Funding Unsuccessful. This project reached the deadline without achieving its funding goal on November 5, 2013.

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This campaign will only be funded if at least $25000.00 is pledged by November 5, 2013.

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Etymology

The word itself, Old English bread, is common in various forms to many Germanic languages, such as Frisian brea, Dutch brood, German Brot, Swedish bröd, and Norwegian and Danish brød; it has been claimed to be derived from the root of brew. It may be connected with the root of break, for its early uses are confined to broken pieces or bits of bread, the Latin crustum, and it was not until the 12th century that it took the place—as the generic name for bread—of hlaf in Gothic: modern English loaf), which appears to be the oldest Teutonic name. Old High German hleib and modern German Laib derive from this Proto-Germanic word for “loaf”, and it is coradical with Polish chleb, Russian ???? (khleb), and borrowed into Finnish leipä and Estonian leib as well.
History

Main article: History of bread

Bread is one of the oldest prepared foods. Evidence from 30,000 years ago in Europe revealed starch residue on rocks used for pounding plants.

It is possible that during this time, starch extract from the roots of plants, such as cattails and ferns, was spread on a flat rock, placed over a fire and cooked into a primitive form of flatbread. Around 10,000 BC, with the dawn of the Neolithic age and the spread of agriculture, grains became the mainstay of making bread. Yeast spores are ubiquitous, including the surface of cereal grains, so any dough left to rest will become naturally leavened.

There were multiple sources of leavening available for early bread. Airborne yeasts could be harnessed by leaving uncooked dough exposed to air for some time before cooking. Pliny the Elder reported that the Gauls and Iberians used the foam skimmed from beer to produce “a lighter kind of bread than other peoples.” Parts of the ancient world that drank wine instead of beer used a paste composed of grape juice and flour that was allowed to begin fermenting, or wheat bran steeped in wine, as a source for yeast. The most common source of leavening was to retain a piece of dough from the previous day to use as a form of sourdough starter.

A major advance to the bread making process occurred in 1961 with the development of the Chorleywood bread process, which used the intense mechanical working of dough to dramatically reduce the fermentation period and the time taken to produce a loaf. The process, whose high-energy mixing allows for the use of lower protein grain, is now widely used around the world in large factories. As a result, bread can be produced very quickly and at low costs to the manufacturer and the consumer. However there has been some criticism of the effect on nutritional value.

Recently, domestic bread machines that automate the process of making bread have become popular.

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  • 0 Backers

    Get one of these amazing doohickeys at this low price and fund this campaign so we can continue to create great doohickeys.

  • 1 Backer

    Get the same amazing same doohickeys as listed above, with one awesome addition: we'll throw in two more doohickeys just cos we like you and and we'll even sign it personally as a sign of gratitude.

  • 0 Backers

    A custom batch of doohickeys made to order, with your choice of color and a custom label printed on the doohickey. Great for all your gift-giving needs!

  • 0 Backers

    A 2-day intensive adventure for 2! A chance of a lifetime for you and a friend to come and watch the doohickeys being created right in front of your eyes. This is a amazing one of a kind reward to our crowd funding partners.